Mandated by the Dallas City Charter, the 2021 City Council Redistricting Plan is the culmination of the redistricting process or the redrawing of City Council district lines from which Council Members are elected. Redistricting usually takes place every 10 years after each U.S. Census and affects all jurisdictions that use districts including state legislative and congressional districts, county commissions, city councils and school boards.
Upon the release of the 2020 census data, governing boards of local government bodies should review population changes to determine if districts have become imbalanced and must be redrawn. Out-of-balance electoral districts may require the local government to rebalance the population among the districts.
As required by the City Charter, the City Council appointed a 15-member Redistricting Commission to develop the districting plan based on the latest decennial counts in compliance with the City Charter and federal law. Upon completion of its work, the Redistricting Commission will file the recommended districting plan with the Mayor for presentation to the City Council. The Council has 45 days after the districting plan is submitted to the Mayor to adopt, or modify and adopt, a new districting plan. Any modification requires approval by three-fourths of the City Council. If final action is not taken by the City Council within 45 days, the Redistricting Commission plan becomes final.
The new districting plan will be implemented at the next general election of the City Council conducted at least 90 days following the date the final districting plan becomes effective for the City, currently projected for May 6, 2023.
The 2021 redistricting process will mark the first time since 1972 that Texas cities undertake the redistricting process without the preclearance requirements of Section 5 of the Voting Rights Act (VRA). Historically, Section 5 of the VRA required Texas cities to obtain approval of voting changes, including redistricting plans, from the Department of Justice prior to using them in an election. As a result of a 2014 ruling by the United States Supreme Court, Section 5 preclearance is no longer applicable. However, cities remain subject to the nondiscrimination requirements of Section 2 of the VRA.
Stage 1 (October)
The Redistricting Commission will create a timeline and approve a process for public input, developing and accepting map plans and approving a final map plan
Stage 2 (November)
The Redistricting Commission will host Town Halls throughout the City to gain in-depth knowledge and community input from City of Dallas constituents.
Stage 3 (December – March)
During this phase, the Redistricting Commission will analyze community input to aid in the development, acceptance and presentation of plans.
Stage 4 (April – May)
The Redistricting Commission will approve a final plan for presentation to the Mayor.
Final Map Selection:
- April 15, 2022 – Map Submittal Deadline
- April 25, 2022 – Final Map Submittal Presentations & Selection of Top 3 / Top 2 Maps
- May 2, 2022 – Map Amendment Workshop
- May 7, 2022 – Public Hearing (City Hall – Council Chambers at 3 p.m.)
- May 9, 2022 – Final Map Selection: Amendment Workshop & Selection of Final Map
- May 10, 2022 – Final Map Selection: Amendment Workshop & Selection of Final Map
- May 16, 2022 – Submit Final Map to Mayor
- May 18, 2022 – Final Map Proposal Briefing to City Council
- June 8 , 2022 – City Council Agenda Meeting to consider possible amendments
- June 22 , 2022 – Final Action on Districting Plan, if necessary
- June 29, 2022 – Expiration of 45 Day Charter Requirement for Council Consideration